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Central Serous Retinopathy

Overview

Central Serous Chorioretinopathy (CSCR) is a medical condition of retina. It is a condition where the macula, the central portion of retina, is affected. The CSCR occurs when the pigmented layer of retina forms a small break. As a result the fluid present below the retina seeps through the break leading to a small detachment under the retina. You can compare this condition with water blisters of the skin where the skin layers separate due to the presence of the water in between. This condition is mostly seen in men under the age group of 25 years to 50 years. This disease can recur and may lead to moderate to permanent loss of central vision.


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Causes

Stress is one of the major causes of this disease. There is detachment of fluid through the macula layers which leads to damage of the nerves of the retina in the long run. Sometimes the causes may also be idiopathic. The “type A personality” is also one of the important cause of central serous retinopathy. The other causes of CSR are Cushing’s syndrome and Helicobacter pylori


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Signs & Symptoms

The patient may have the following symptoms such as mentioned below:-
 

  • The patient may complain of blurred central vision.
  • There may be wavy or distorted vision.
  • The patient may also experience central blind spot.
  • There may be chromatopsia and central scotoma.
  • The patient may suffer from an increased hyperopia or farsightedness.

 

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Prevention

Though there is no method of avoiding this disease you can keep away stress as it is one of the main causes of this disease.


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Treatments
NSAID Modern Medicine

It is seen that most of the patients with central serous retinopathy don’t require any kinds of treatment. The fluid formed inside absorbs gradually with time. The doctor may also recommend steroid and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Laser treatment is required to seal the leak in case of severe vision loss. T

Photodynamic Therapy Modern Medicine

The doctor may also use photodynamic therapy for treating the CSR.

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